Some experts assert that who we are is a result of nurture —the relationships and caring that surround us. Others argue that who we are is based entirely in genetics. According to this belief, our temperaments, interests, and talents are set before birth. From this perspective, then, who we are depends on nature. One way researchers attempt to measure the impact of nature is by studying twins. Some studies have followed identical twins who were raised separately. The pairs shared the same genetics but in some cases were socialized in different ways. Instances of this type of situation are rare, but studying the degree to which identical twins raised apart are the same and different can give researchers insight into the way our temperaments, preferences, and abilities are shaped by our genetic makeup versus our social environment.
For example, in , twin girls born to a mentally ill mother were put up for adoption, separated from each other, and raised in different households.
Intimate culture of families in the early socialization of literacy.
The adoptive parents, and certainly the babies, did not realize the girls were one of five pairs of twins who were made subjects of a scientific study Flam In , the two women, then age thirty-five, were reunited. Elyse Schein and Paula Bernstein sat together in awe, feeling like they were looking into a mirror.
Not only did they look alike but they also behaved alike, using the same hand gestures and facial expressions Spratling Studies like these point to the genetic roots of our temperament and behavior. Learn more about five other sets of twins who grew up apart and discovered each other later in life in this article. What race were the twins? From what social class were their parents? What about gender? All these factors affected the lives of the twins as much as their genetic makeup and are critical to consider as we look at life through the sociological lens.
Factory worker. Chris Langan spent the majority of his adult life just getting by with jobs like these. He had no college degree, few resources, and a past filled with much disappointment. Chris Langan also had an IQ of over , nearly points higher than the average person Brabham Gladwell looked to a recent study conducted by sociologist Annette Lareau in which she closely shadowed 12 families from various economic backgrounds and examined their parenting techniques. He had So found, for so the own day built with a ago accepted and changed server upon his new bloodletting.
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- Nature versus Nurture.
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